Research and development projects
Methanol from renewable energy for mobility with plug-in hybrid vehicles
The conversion of the energy supply to renewable energies within the framework of the decarbonization of the energy system, which is necessary for climate protection reasons, depends decisively on the question of storage options due to the fluctuating supply. One suitable method for long-term storage is the conversion of renewably generated electrical energy into chemical energy in the form of hydrogen. This can be synthesized into other electricity-based fuels (e-fuels) by incorporating carbon dioxide. To drive the decarbonization of the transport sector, plug-in hybrid vehicles offer great potential, as they enable CO2-neutral operation through the use of renewable electricity and e-fuels , while also providing long ranges and fast refueling. In order to make further use of the existing infrastructure, electricity-based methanol, among other things, offers itself as a substitute for gasoline. Within the scope of the project, questions regarding the suitability of methanol as a fuel for modern combustion engines will be clarified and the need for action identified. The achievable efficiencies are to be determined as part of a holistic approach over the entire life cycle.
(FKZ: 19I18007, Duration: 01.09.2018 to 31.08.2021)
Regional CHP plants in the changing energy system
Due to the increasing share of renewable energies in the electricity supply, stability challenges arise in order to efficiently use volatile sources such as solar and wind energy. In this context, sector coupling plays a central role, which describes a conversion of renewable, electrical energy into energy carriers in the area of mobility and heat.
In detail, the project examines plants with combined heat and power (CHP), which contributes significantly to the integration of volatile renewable energies and CO2 In detail, the project examines plants with combined heat and power (CHP), which contributes significantly to the integration of volatile renewable energies and CO2 reduction.
In addition to expanding the business model for CHP plants, the aim is to create regional, cellular supply networks. Using two example plants in different regions of Germany, the synergetic approaches developed will be validated, also focusing on the integration of power-to-methanol plants.
(FKZ: 03EE5031, Duration: 01.01.2020 - 31.12.2022)
Production of bio-methanol from fluctuating power sources
Within the Bio-M project, a new flexible and sustainable process for the production of biomethanol from biogenic carbon dioxide and green hydrogen is to be developed and its technical feasibility and industrial relevance demonstrated. Advantages lie in the marketing possibilities of methanol as a biogenic platform chemical as well as energy and hydrogen storage to increase the energy density of hydrogen. The focus of the project is the development and evaluation of stress-resistant, stable catalysts that meet the requirements of real gas compositions as well as a fluctuating mode of operation. Process parameters are determined theoretically and practically and serve to evaluate the process.
(FKZ: 031B0079, Duration: 01.10.2015 to 30.06.2017, www.bio-m.eu)
Closed Carbon Cycle - Climate Neutral Fuels for Transport
The joint project aims to develop and demonstrate new paths to the CO2-neutral mobility of the future. It refers to the funding announcement "Energy transition in transport: sector coupling through the use of electricity-based fuels" of the BMWi from spring 2017. For this purpose, a comprehensive consortium of 28 partners from all areas addressed in the announcement has been formed in order to be able to deal with the described problem in its entirety in an appropriate manner.
The most effective way to transport, store and use large amounts of energy in transport is to use liquid energy sources. In the future, the use of regeneratively produced fuel based on methanol seems to make the most sense. In addition to its direct use as a fuel, its (local) further processing will also be investigated. Furthermore, approaches are to be presented to already reduce fleet emissions by blending electricity-based fuels (drop-in fuel). To this end, MtG (methanol-to-gasoline) will be produced in a demonstration plant and its use in petrol engines will be shown. In the diesel engine, 1-octanol is available as a drop-in fuel. For future applications, 2-octanol will continue to be considered as a drop-in fuel, octane booster and as a pure fuel for petrol engines, as well as OME/DME, taking into account its multi-fuel capability for diesel engines.
The vehicle suitability of the new fuels is to be validated under real driving conditions; their efficiency and environmental compatibility are to be assessed holistically in the production and consumption chains as well as in distribution and market launch.
bse supports the project within the framework of an associated partnership.
(FKZ: 19I18006, Duration: August 2018 to July 2021)
Bioeconomy in urban areas - AbZuMeOH joint project
The overall objective of the AbZuMeOH joint project is to investigate the potential for the bioeconomy of using the carbon dioxide produced during the combustion of (biogenic) waste and the production of burnt lime for methanol synthesis. The decentrally produced CO2 is to be isolated from the respective waste gas streams and made available to the catalytic methanol synthesis in the required purity. The hydrogen required for methanol formation can be provided by electrolysis of water, whereby the electricity required for this is partly obtained from the thermal treatment of biogenic waste and partly supplemented by electricity from renewable energies (green hydrogen). Oxygen, which is a by-product of this process, can be used to advantage in thermal waste treatment or lime production or, depending on the location, can be made available to other consumers. The goal is to obtain methanol after final processing in a purity that meets the specification as a raw material in the chemical industry (IMPCA quality) and thus enables its use in the production of durable economic goods such as plastics.
(FKZ: 031B1072A, Duration: 01.01.2021 - 31.12.2023)